LOWI for pilots checklist

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Revision as of 16:07, 4 May 2017 by Claus Faber (talk | contribs) (2.2 LOC DME West approach)
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About this document

This wiki page is an addition to the LOWI for pilots tutorial. The tutorial explains the logic and the procedures to land in Innsbruck, Austria. This checklist is intended to help when approaching, just quoting the necessary steps for the most popular approaches with IFR flight rule. It implies that your aircraft is equipped to fly a VOR radial and intercept an ILS (procedures differ, as some modern aircraft all program it into the FMC - in this checklist, we assume manual settings of VOR frequency and OBS).

1. On Cruise

  1. Get the charts ready from [here]
  2. See the [STAR chart] and see your flight plan, where you come in: via RTT NDB, BRENO or ELMEM.
  3. Get Innsbruck ATIS (126.02) if available, or Innsbruck METAR for local QNH.
  4. Calculate your TOD point to arrive at the desired level (RTT: 9500ft; ELMEM: 13.000ft or other told by ATC, all local QNH)

2. Approach

2.1 LOC DME East approach

  1. Have the [LOC DME East Approach chart] visible at all times
  2. Tune VOR receiver 1 to OEV 111.10
  3. Set OBS 1 to follow to 254°
  4. Tune NDB receiver 2 to RUM NDB (320) for go-around, step 1
  5. Tune NDB receiver 1 to RTT NDB (303) for go-around, step 2
  6. Set radio altimeter to decision height of 2510ft above ground
  7. Descend to reach RTT NDB at 9.500ft (local QNH) or at level told by ATC.
  8. Reduce speed 220kt or less
  9. If necessary, enter holding: Right turn, 226° inbound radial, 1 minute
  10. When cleared LOC DME East approach, leave RTT at 210°, ready to intercept 254° radial OEV 111.10
  11. Prepare aircraft to reach speed below 165kt by MAPt=dme6,3 OEV (for heavy aircraft, this might be as early as now!)
  12. Intercept 254° radial towards OEV 111.10
  13. Intercept glideslope and monitor descent following the table at the bottom of the chart
  14. Have the [Innsbruck Visual Approach Chart] visible until touchdown
  15. If necessary, clarify, which runway to land (Tower will tell you on initial contact)
  16. Approaching MAPt, verify altitude about 4400ft, speed 165kt or below and runway in sight, if not: go around (see below)
  17. Switch off autopilot now

2.1.1 Landing Runway 26

  1. Check landing clearance at MAPt (or late clearance), if not: go around
  2. Flaps down, gear down, landing speed
  3. fly manually a dog's leg (left-right) over Innsbruck to meet extended centerline runway 26, manually following the OEV glideslope.
  4. land and brake hard for a short landing, avoiding a backtrack (makes life for controllers easier).

2.1.2 Landing Runway 08

  1. keep visual distance from terrain at all times until touchdown
  2. at 4,2dme OEV, turn left 230° roughly, descending to 3.700-4000ft.
  3. set radio altimeter at 400ft above ground (helps you maintaining 3700ft or more)
  4. Before INN NDB, turn right (visually) parallel to the runway, watch DME OEV decrease and then increase to 3,5nm DME OEV
  5. reduce to landing speed, gear down
  6. At 3,5nm DME OEV or visually, turn right and descend for final runway 08
  7. Verify landing clearance - If not: go-around on LLZ OEV 074° until D14.0 OEV, then direct RTT to enter holding at RTT NDB at 9.500ft
  8. land and brake hard to be able to vacate via B (makes controllers smile)

Go Around LOC DME East

  1. Verify Autopilot OFF
  2. climb on LLZ OEV (111.10, course 254°) with max rate of climb and speed below 165kt
  3. At 1nm DME OEV, left turn to 060° to RUM NDB (it's in NDB receiver 2!)
  4. Rejoin outbound OEV radial (074°) and continue climb with max gradient
  5. At 14nm DME OEV, turn to RTT NDB (it's in NDB receiver 1!) and enter holding at 9500ft

2.2 LOC DME West approach

  1. Have the [LOC DME West Approach chart] visible at all times
  2. set radio altimeter to decision height of 2.510ft above ground
  3. Descend to reach ELMEM at 13.000 (local QNH) or at level told by ATC with speed 250kt or less. From the South, fly a teardrop entry towards ELMEM.
  4. Tune OEJ VOR (109,70) into VOR receiver 1 (NOT OEV!)
  5. Tune OBS 1 to 066°
  6. Tune RTT NDB (303) into NDB Receiver 2 (for go-around)
  7. If necessary, enter holding over ELMEM: Inbound radial 104°, left turn, 1 minute
  8. When cleared LOC DME West approach, leave ELMEM at 104°, ready to catch 066° inbound radial OEJ, descend to 11.500ft
  9. Prepare aircraft to reach RUM NDB at 165kt or below (this could be as early as now!)
  10. Catch 066° inbound radial OEJ
  11. Descend with v/s following the table on the bottom of the approach chart (no glideslope!)
  12. When approaching RUM NDB, verify speed 165kt or less, altitude 5.000ft and clearance, which runway to approach - otherwise: go around
  13. Have the [Visual Approach Chart] visible until touchdown
  14. Disconnect Autopilot now

2.2.1 Visual for runway 26

  1. at RUM NDB, verify further clearance - if not: go around
  2. sharp Right turn (25+°) until runway in sight
  3. descend and land, brake hard to vacate via A (makes controllers happy)

2.2.2 Visual for runway 08

  1. keep visual distance from terrain at all times until touchdown
  2. AT RUM NDB, right turn towards INN NDB
  3. Descend to 3.700-4000ft.
  4. set radio altimeter to 400ft above ground
  5. Before INN NDB, turn right parallel to the runway (about 267°, but maintain visual separation from terrain!), watch DME OEJ increase to 14,1nm DME OEJ
  6. flaps full, gear down
  7. At 14,1nm DME OEJ or visually, turn right and descend for final runway 08
  8. Verify landing clearance - If not: go-around: Max rate of climb on runway heading until intercept 66° inbound radial OEJ (for the rest, see next section below)
  9. land and brake hard to be able to vacate via B (makes controllers smile)

Go-around LOC DME West

  1. Max rate of climb
  2. Continue inbound radial 66° OEJ and outbound radial 064° OEJ until 9.500ft
  3. fly past RTT NDB for 1 minute, left "teardrop" entry into holding over RTT, right around, inbound radial 226°, 1 minute.