Difference between revisions of "Study Guide:Low Visibility Procedures"

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m (Airport-Specials)
(Airport-Specials)
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'''LOWW'''  
 
'''LOWW'''  
Verfügbare CAT-3 Runways 16(=Standardkonfiguration)/29
+
Verfügbare CAT-3 Runways 16/29
  
LVP WILL BECOME EFFECTIVE WHEN: RVR FOR TOCHDOWNZONE (TDZ) LESS THAN 550 M AND/OR CEILING/VERTICAL VISIBILITY LESS THAN 200FT WILL BE ACTIVATED BY RTF OR ATIS  
+
LVP WILL BECOME EFFECTIVE WHEN: RVR FOR TOCHDOWNZONE (TDZ) LESS THAN 600 M AND/OR CEILING/VERTICAL VISIBILITY LESS THAN 200FT WILL BE ACTIVATED BY RTF OR ATIS  
  
,,LOW VISIBILITY PROCEDURES IN OPERATION”
 
 
Meldung “runway vacated” nur auf Anweisung vom Fluglosten (ATCO)
 
Meldung “runway vacated” nur auf Anweisung vom Fluglosten (ATCO)
  
for more information refer to point 7: [http://eaip.austrocontrol.at/lo/130111/PART_3/AD_2/PRI/AD_2_LOWW/LO_AD_2_LOWW_en.pdf]
+
for more information refer to point 8: [https://eaip.austrocontrol.at/lo/181207/PART_3/AD_2/PRI/AD_2_LOWW/LO_AD_2_LOWW_en.pdf]
  
 
'''LOWL'''
 
'''LOWL'''
 
Verfügbare CAT-3 Runway 26.  
 
Verfügbare CAT-3 Runway 26.  
LOW VISIBILITY PROCEDURES IN FORCE FOR LOWL: ATC-LOW VISIBILITY PROCEDURES (LVP) WILL BECOME EFFECTIVE IN RELATION TO WEATHER CONDITIONS AS SPECIFIED BELOW.
 
AVOIDANCE OF DISTURBANCES TO THE ILS SIGNALS ARE NORMALLY ACHIEVED BY PROVIDING APPROPRIATE SPACING BETWEEN AIRCRAFT ON FINAL APPROACH.
 
  
 
LVP WILL BECOME EFFECTIVE WHEN: RVR FOR TOCHDOWNZONE (TDZ) LESS THAN 600 M AND/OR CEILING/VERTICAL VISIBILITY LESS THAN 200FT WILL BE ACTIVATED BY RTF OR ATIS  
 
LVP WILL BECOME EFFECTIVE WHEN: RVR FOR TOCHDOWNZONE (TDZ) LESS THAN 600 M AND/OR CEILING/VERTICAL VISIBILITY LESS THAN 200FT WILL BE ACTIVATED BY RTF OR ATIS  
Line 91: Line 88:
 
,,LOW VISIBILITY PROCEDURES IN OPERATION”
 
,,LOW VISIBILITY PROCEDURES IN OPERATION”
  
for more information refer to point 5: [http://eaip.austrocontrol.at/lo/130111/PART_3/AD_2/PRI/AD_2_LOWL/LO_AD_2_LOWL_en.pdf]
+
for more information refer to point 5: [https://eaip.austrocontrol.at/lo/181207/PART_3/AD_2/PRI/AD_2_LOWL/LO_AD_2_LOWL_en.pdf]
  
 
'''LOWK'''
 
'''LOWK'''
 +
 
Verfügbare CAT-2 Runway 28R
 
Verfügbare CAT-2 Runway 28R
 +
CAT-3 requires ATC-authorization (MA-climb 4,7%)
  
CAT-3 requires ATC-authorization (MA-climb 4,7%)
+
LVP WILL BECOME EFFECTIVE WHEN: RVR FOR TOCHDOWNZONE (TDZ) LESS THAN 800 M AND/OR CEILING/VERTICAL VISIBILITY LESS THAN 300FT WILL BE ACTIVATED BY RTF OR ATIS ,,LOW VISIBILITY PROCEDURES IN OPERATION”
LOW VISIBILITY PROCEDURES IN FORCE FOR LOWK: ATC-LOW VISIBILITY PROCEDURES (LVP) WILL BECOME EFFECTIVE IN RELATION TO WEATHER CONDITIONS AS SPECIFIED BELOW. AVOIDANCE OF DISTURBANCES TO THE ILS SIGNALS ARE NORMALLY ACHIEVED BY PROVIDING APPROPRIATE SPACING BETWEEN AIRCRAFT ON FINAL APPROACH. LVP WILL BECOME EFFECTIVE WHEN: RVR FOR TOCHDOWNZONE (TDZ) LESS THAN 600 M AND/OR CEILING/VERTICAL VISIBILITY LESS THAN 200FT WILL BE ACTIVATED BY RTF OR ATIS ,,LOW VISIBILITY PROCEDURES IN OPERATION”
 
  
for more information refer to point 6: [http://eaip.austrocontrol.at/lo/130111/PART_3/AD_2/PRI/AD_2_LOWK/LO_AD_2_LOWK_en.pdf]
+
for more information refer to point 6: [https://eaip.austrocontrol.at/lo/181207/PART_3/AD_2/PRI/AD_2_LOWK/LO_AD_2_LOWK_en.pdf]
  
 
'''LOWI'''
 
'''LOWI'''
Line 111: Line 109:
 
*: - except low fog or mist: RVR 600m AND visibility >5km above this layer AND no further clouds 3.100ft AGL  
 
*: - except low fog or mist: RVR 600m AND visibility >5km above this layer AND no further clouds 3.100ft AGL  
  
for more information refer to point 4: [http://eaip.austrocontrol.at/lo/130111/PART_3/AD_2/PRI/AD_2_LOWI/LO_AD_2_LOWI_en.pdf]
+
for more information refer to point 4: [https://eaip.austrocontrol.at/lo/181207/PART_3/AD_2/PRI/AD_2_LOWI/LO_AD_2_LOWI_en.pdf]
  
 
also check further information in the [[LOWI_Primer]].
 
also check further information in the [[LOWI_Primer]].
Line 117: Line 115:
 
'''LOWG'''
 
'''LOWG'''
 
Verfügbare CAT-3 Runway 35C
 
Verfügbare CAT-3 Runway 35C
 
LOW VISIBILITY PROCEDURES IN FORCE FOR LOWG: ATC-LOW VISIBILITY PROCEDURES (LVP) WILL BECOME EFFECTIVE IN RELATION TO WEATHER CONDITIONS AS SPECIFIED BELOW. AVOIDANCE OF DISTURBANCES TO THE ILS SIGNALS ARE NORMALLY ACHIEVED BY PROVIDING APPROPRIATE SPACING BETWEEN AIRCRAFT ON FINAL APPROACH.
 
  
 
LVP WILL BECOME EFFECTIVE WHEN: RVR FOR TOCHDOWNZONE (TDZ) LESS THAN 600 M AND/OR CEILING/VERTICAL VISIBILITY LESS THAN 200FT WILL BE ACTIVATED BY RTF OR ATIS  
 
LVP WILL BECOME EFFECTIVE WHEN: RVR FOR TOCHDOWNZONE (TDZ) LESS THAN 600 M AND/OR CEILING/VERTICAL VISIBILITY LESS THAN 200FT WILL BE ACTIVATED BY RTF OR ATIS  
Line 124: Line 120:
 
,,LOW VISIBILITY PROCEDURES IN OPERATION”
 
,,LOW VISIBILITY PROCEDURES IN OPERATION”
  
for more information refer to point 5: [http://eaip.austrocontrol.at/lo/130111/PART_3/AD_2/PRI/AD_2_LOWG/LO_AD_2_LOWG_en.pdf]
+
for more information refer to point 5: [https://eaip.austrocontrol.at/lo/181207/PART_3/AD_2/PRI/AD_2_LOWG/LO_AD_2_LOWG_en.pdf]
  
 
'''LOWS'''
 
'''LOWS'''
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CAT-3 requires ATC-authorization (see special chart)
 
CAT-3 requires ATC-authorization (see special chart)
  
for more information refer to point 7: [http://eaip.austrocontrol.at/lo/130111/PART_3/AD_2/PRI/AD_2_LOWS/LO_AD_2_LOWS_en.pdf]
+
LVP WILL BECOME EFFECTIVE WHEN: RVR FOR TOCHDOWNZONE (TDZ) LESS THAN 1500 M AND/OR CEILING/VERTICAL VISIBILITY LESS THAN 700FT WILL BE ACTIVATED BY RTF OR ATIS
 +
 
 +
for more information refer to point 10: [https://eaip.austrocontrol.at/lo/181207/PART_3/AD_2/PRI/AD_2_LOWS/LO_AD_2_LOWS_en.pdf]
  
 
[[Category:Documents]][[Category:Study Guides]][[Category:Procedures]][[Category:Training]][[Category:Controller]]
 
[[Category:Documents]][[Category:Study Guides]][[Category:Procedures]][[Category:Training]][[Category:Controller]]

Revision as of 16:35, 14 December 2018

For better using follow the steps below to prevend the dynamic update Cycle each month:

1. go to eAIP Austro Control:[1]

2. clck on "current version"

3. click on PART III AD

4. click on AD 2 and then on your prefered airport for example Vienna: LOWW


Bedeutung

LVP sind Verfahren, welche bei schlechter Sicht das Handling auf ATC-Seite eingrenzen. Der Wirkungsbereich dieser Verfahren erstreckt sich auf An- und Abflüge. Damit diese Verfahren aktiv werden können, müssen Flughafen und Flugzeug für die jeweilige CAT-Betriebsstufe freigegeben sein. Dabei ist der jeweilige tiefste Wert derjenige, welcher verwendet werden darf.

BEGRIFFE: RVR/CAT


RVR = Runway Visual Range (Landebahnsicht) Die RVR wird pro Runway in den Abschnitten "Touchdown Zone", "Mid Point" und "Stop End" gemessen

ILS-Typ Minimale RVR minimale Hauptwolkenuntergrenze
Kategorie 1 / Cat I 550 Meter oder Visibility 800 Meter 200ft
Kategorie 2 / Cat II 300 Meter 100ft
Kategorie 3a / Cat IIIa 200 Meter 50ft
Kategorie 3b / Cat IIIb 50 Meter 50ft
Kategorie 3c / Cat IIIc keine RVR Begrenzung keine Höhe

Verfahren

LVP in der ATIS bekanntmachen (Uniatis-String „&lvp“)

LOW VISIBILITY PROCEDURES IN FORCE

Conditional clearances mit Rücksicht auf die Verhältnisse hinterfragen („do you have approaching traffic in sight?“ bei 2nm Entfernung wäre sinnlos, Taxianweisungen „follow behind … „ machen weiterhin Sinn)

Landefreigabe: mind. 2,5 NM normal 3 NM in Ausnahmefällen (erfordert Info an Piloten) 1nm vor der Pistenschwelle, spätestens Intercept auf das ILS bei 8nm bis 18 NM

Mindestabstand für APP: statt 3 NM entsprechend höher wählen (Bedenke längere Zeiten für RWY cleared etc.) Piloten sind verpflichtet, „runway vacated“ zu reporten

Im Allgemeinen wird bei solchen Sichtverhältnissen die Anflugrate drastisch reduziert.

Phraseologie

Anflugfreigabe durch „normale“ ILS-Freigabe aber mit Übergabe der RVR Werte:

Beispiel: AUA 105, turn right reading 260, cleared ILS 29, RVR 500 metres

Analog bei der Freigabe zur Landung.

Beispiel: AUA 105, RVR 500 metres, wind 310 degrees, 9 knots, RWY 29, cleared to land' bei initial contact Hinweis auf „LVP in operation“

Dem abfliegenden Luftfahrzeug muss mit der Meldung "Hold at CAT II holding point" in einem größeren Abstand von der RWY angewiesen werden.

Auch bei LOW VIS heißt es ganz normal ILS 29 und nicht cleared CAT II ILS 29

Airport-Specials

LOWW Verfügbare CAT-3 Runways 16/29

LVP WILL BECOME EFFECTIVE WHEN: RVR FOR TOCHDOWNZONE (TDZ) LESS THAN 600 M AND/OR CEILING/VERTICAL VISIBILITY LESS THAN 200FT WILL BE ACTIVATED BY RTF OR ATIS

Meldung “runway vacated” nur auf Anweisung vom Fluglosten (ATCO)

for more information refer to point 8: [2]

LOWL Verfügbare CAT-3 Runway 26.

LVP WILL BECOME EFFECTIVE WHEN: RVR FOR TOCHDOWNZONE (TDZ) LESS THAN 600 M AND/OR CEILING/VERTICAL VISIBILITY LESS THAN 200FT WILL BE ACTIVATED BY RTF OR ATIS

,,LOW VISIBILITY PROCEDURES IN OPERATION”

for more information refer to point 5: [3]

LOWK

Verfügbare CAT-2 Runway 28R CAT-3 requires ATC-authorization (MA-climb 4,7%)

LVP WILL BECOME EFFECTIVE WHEN: RVR FOR TOCHDOWNZONE (TDZ) LESS THAN 800 M AND/OR CEILING/VERTICAL VISIBILITY LESS THAN 300FT WILL BE ACTIVATED BY RTF OR ATIS ,,LOW VISIBILITY PROCEDURES IN OPERATION”

for more information refer to point 6: [4]

LOWI Verfügbare CAT-2 oder CAT-3 Runway: keine.

Es gibt auch keine definierten LVP, aber folgende Minima:

  • VFR minima: dem Luftraum (Cat. B) entsprechend
  • IFR arrival minima: 3km (aircraft cat. A-B) bzw. 5km (Aircraft cat. C-D) flight visibility
  • IFR departure minima: 1.500m,
    - except RNAV 0.3 RNP departure: RVR 300m.
    - except low fog or mist: RVR 600m AND visibility >5km above this layer AND no further clouds 3.100ft AGL

for more information refer to point 4: [5]

also check further information in the LOWI_Primer.

LOWG Verfügbare CAT-3 Runway 35C

LVP WILL BECOME EFFECTIVE WHEN: RVR FOR TOCHDOWNZONE (TDZ) LESS THAN 600 M AND/OR CEILING/VERTICAL VISIBILITY LESS THAN 200FT WILL BE ACTIVATED BY RTF OR ATIS

,,LOW VISIBILITY PROCEDURES IN OPERATION”

for more information refer to point 5: [6]

LOWS Verfügbare CAT-2 Runway 16

CAT-3 requires ATC-authorization (see special chart)

LVP WILL BECOME EFFECTIVE WHEN: RVR FOR TOCHDOWNZONE (TDZ) LESS THAN 1500 M AND/OR CEILING/VERTICAL VISIBILITY LESS THAN 700FT WILL BE ACTIVATED BY RTF OR ATIS

for more information refer to point 10: [7]